Addiction Types

Deciding to enlist the help of a substance abuse treatment program is a vital step towards freedom. Addiction treatment facilities will provide the safest and most adequate procedures to achieve sobriety. 

However, substance abuse treatment is not a one-size-fits-all process. Each patient will require individual care based on various factors, including what substances used, length of their addiction, are any co-occurring disorders present, and personal preferences. 

Additionally, every treatment facility has a unique strategy process that they practice. Despite the numerous variations, there are many generalities that most treatment methods will follow.

Substance Abuse Treatment Process

Most patients recovering at an inpatient rehab facility will take part in the following steps throughout the recovery process.

Admissions

This is the process when the patient enrolls in the treatment facility. Fortunately, accredited addiction treatment facilities make the admissions process as encouraging as possible. The process starts the moment the patient calls. For those who are looking to get admitted to an addiction treatment facility, it is vital to contact an admissions specialist immediately.

Intake

This process entails the patient entering the facility and completing regulatory procedures. It is at this point that treatment staff assures that the patient is not bringing any prohibited items like weapons or drugs into the facility. Intake is required for each patient to make their individual treatment is as efficient as possible. It is also a necessary process to protect the sobriety and safety of all patients and staff members.

Assessment

The clinical staff will question the patient and determine their specific requirements. Some examples are which substances the patient uses, the length of their addiction, and if they suffer from any co-occurring mental health disorders. This is the most important step of the treatment process, as it enables the treatment specialists to write a custom recovery plan specifically designed to maximize the patient’s odds of success. 

A majority of treatment facilities use the assessment process as an ongoing step, where the patients are frequently reassessed to assure their needs are being fulfilled.

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The Next Steps

Detoxification

Detoxification (detox) is the process of when the body is cleansed of harmful substances so the patient can begin treatment sober and without feeling withdrawal effects. Treatment staff will guide the patient through the withdrawal process to make it comfortable as possible. In most cases, addiction treatment medication will be administered to help with the detox. 

Sometimes other treatments will also be applied while the patient is detoxing. A medically-supervised detox is safer and more comfortable than detoxing alone at home.

Inpatient Treatment

During inpatient treatment, the patient will reside in the facility and receive various therapies, treatments, and assistance to help them recover. The specific methods a patient will vary, but most inpatient treatment facilities are designed to help the patient in understanding their addiction and triggers while gaining valuable life skills. 

The purpose of inpatient care is to assure each patient achieves sobriety while providing them with the required knowledge and skills required to remain sober upon leaving the facility.

Examples of Inpatient Treatment Options Include:

  • Art therapy
  • Biofeedback
  • Meditation
  • Music therapy
  • Peer groups
  • Self-love therapy
  • Trauma resolution
  • Individual therapy
  • Cognitive-behavioral therapy
  • Family and friends therapy
  • Yoga, beach, and nature walks

Most Common Addictive Substances

While some drugs are used for therapeutic purposes, others are used illegally for their stimulant or narcotic effects and often become addictive. Substance addiction is a severe and possibly fatal disease. If the adverse effects of substance addiction or abuse have impacted you or a loved one, getting treatment is a crucial step in getting better.

Listed below are some of the more common substances that are abused and cause addiction:

Alcohol

Alcohol is a legal, controlled substance that reduces anxiety and inhibitions. It also has a wide range of side effects, from slurred speech to loss of coordination. Alcohol is generally consumed as a drink in several forms, including wine, beer, and hard liquor.

Effects of Alcohol Consumption

Alcohol is a central nervous system depressant that slows down mental and bodily methods. With the first drink of alcohol, users can feel a decrease in stress or anxiety. 

Because alcohol is both legal and widely admitted in society, it becomes difficult to tell the difference between casual use and abuse. Overall, any alcohol use that creates negative results is considered abuse. 

Some of the negative consequences of alcohol use include:

Alcohol addiction can cause death in some cases, from heart disease and liver disease. Alcohol abuse also causes other adverse effects which include:

  • Ulcers
  • Cancer
  • Diabetes
  • Bone loss
  • Vision problems
  • Sexual problems
  • Congenital disabilities
  • Suppressed immune function

Alcohol addiction, also referred to as alcoholism, is characterized by a craving for alcohol and the failure to stop drinking. Signs of alcohol addiction include drinking frequently, wanting to quit, but unable to, and developing an alcohol tolerance. 

An alcoholic might even feel symptoms of withdrawal when stopping, disregarding responsibilities in favor of drinking, and spending a majority of time seeking out and consuming alcohol.

Benzodiazepines

Benzodiazepines(benzos) are a class of prescription drugs that oppress the central nervous system (CNS) and decrease brain function. Popular types include prescription drugs like Valium, Xanax, or Librium. 

What are the Effects of Benzos?

 Some of the effects produced by benzodiazepines include:

Abusing benzos comes with many severe side effects, which include reduced respiration and reduced heart rate, coma, and death when combined with other substances like alcohol and antihistamines. Using benzos while operating machinery is especially risky because it may cause short-term confusion and memory loss.

While benzos have several therapeutic uses, improper use can cause a variety of adverse side effects which include:

  • Amnesia
  • Bad dreams
  • Blurred vision
  • Dizziness
  • Drowsiness
  • Hostility
  • Irritability
  • Slurred speech

Benzodiazepine Addiction

Prolonged daily benzo abuse will likely result in benzo addiction, causing tolerance, dependence, and withdrawal symptoms when use is discontinued. 

Benzodiazepine withdrawal symptoms are quite severe and usually last longer than those of other substances. Detoxing from benzos is just as complicated as detoxing from heroin. 

Post-acute withdrawal symptoms related to benzo addiction can vary regularly. Even once the patient recovers, symptoms may disappear and reappear after months of not using.

Benzodiazepine withdrawal symptoms include:

  • Anxiety
  • Psychosis
  • Depression
  • Headaches
  • Hallucinations
  • Epileptic seizures
  • Delirium tremens
  • Loss of appetite
  • Muscle aches
  • Rapid heartbeat
  • Sensory distortion
  • Suicidal behavior
  • Hypersensitivity to touch and pain

Benzo withdrawal symptoms are hazardous and must be treated with a medically supervised detox.

Cocaine

Cocaine has multiple names like coke, blow, snow, crack, and flake, with all referring to a powerful stimulant drug obtained from the processed leaves of coca plants. Crack cocaine is a powder form that has been cooked to form rock crystals that are usually smoked.

Short-Term Effects of Cocaine Abuse

Cocaine impacts users in different ways, all depending upon purity, dosage, and method of ingestion. While all three methods of cocaine abuse (snorted, injected, or smoked) can lead to cocaine addiction, with each producing different effects of a high. Smoking and injecting cocaine will provide the most intense highs, but only last five to ten minutes. Snorting it will last around 30 minutes. Consequently, cocaine is frequently abused in binges or increasingly higher doses taken in a short period to continue the high.

Commonly, cocaine’s short-term effects will include:

  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Dilated pupils
  • Euphoria
  • Impotence
  • Irritability
  • Paranoia
  • Twitching
  • Hyperactivity
  • Restlessness
  • Abdominal pain
  • Feeling invincible
  • Increased blood pressure
  • Heightened sexual interest and pleasure

Long-Term Effects of Cocaine Abuse

Reoccurring cocaine abuse may lead to addiction and cause health and relationship problems which include:

  • Asthma
  • Renal failure
  • Lung damage
  • Money problems
  • Altered appearance
  • Decline or job loss
  • Flu-like symptoms
  • Kidney diseases
  • Loss of appetite 
  • Violent behavior
  • Connective tissue disorders
  • Lying, cheating and stealing 
  • Rare autoimmune diseases
  • Risk of stroke and infarctions

Continued cocaine abuse may also lead to tolerance, which will require using a more significant amount to obtain the initial high. Cocaine withdrawal causes depression, making addiction extremely challenging to overcome.

Ecstasy

Ecstasy, or MDMA, is a synthetic club drug that gained popularity due to its stimulant effects. Ecstasy is also known as X, XTC, rolls, beans, and love drugs.

Short Term Effects of Ecstasy

Using ecstasy is both highly addictive and dangerous. Ordinarily taken orally in tablet or capsule form, ecstasy carries active chemicals that reach the brain roughly 15 minutes after ingestion. About 45 minutes later, ecstasy users usually feel a high that lasts about 3 to 6 hours.

Users often take ecstasy at raves, clubs, and parties for its euphoric effects. Initially, most users describe feelings of being extremely hyper, alert, and energetic. Numerous users experience an enhanced sense of touch and changes in perception. Others detour the high and produce feelings of adverse side-effects which include:

In some instances, ecstasy raises the body’s temperature, which could be fatal. With extended use, ecstasy causes depression, sleep issues, cravings, anxiety, memory difficulties, and confusion. Habitual ecstasy abusers will also encounter withdrawal symptoms after long-term use and abrupt discontinuation. Ecstasy abuse symptoms may last for weeks after the last dose has been taken.

Heroin

Heroin is a potent pain-killing street drug obtained from the opium poppy plant. It is created from morphine, one of the biologically active elements of opium. Heroin is administered in three ways: snorting, injecting, or smoking. Because it penetrates the brain instantly, heroin addiction develops quickly, usually within a few uses.

Signs of Heroin Use

Heroin addiction usually leads to more severe drug problems. In the beginning, heroin use will induce feelings of euphoria followed by mild drowsiness. The initial high lasts around four to six hours. 

Once a heroin user develops tolerance, the high will last only two to four hours. From there, the heroin user needs another dose to sustain the desired effect. Instant signs of a heroin high will combine dry mouth, flushed skin, heavy limbs, and euphoria. 

After a short period, heroin will cause the users to alternate between drowsy and awake states, which is when nausea and constipation can occur. Sometimes, when used in large doses, heroin can suppress breathing until it becomes fatal.

Long-term effects of heroin abuse will include:

Heroin abusers who use for an extended period will develop withdrawal symptoms, which happen the drug is abruptly discontinued. Heroin withdrawal symptoms will include anxiety, insomnia, vomiting, nausea, irritability, and loss of appetite. Due to heroin withdrawal being a long and challenging process, it is crucial to get addiction treatment starting with medically supervised detoxification.

Ketamine

Ketamine, which is also known as Special K, Kit Kat, cat valium, or Vitamin K, is an anesthetic for animals. Ketamine high effects come and go quickly, and tolerance develops rapidly, requiring users to increase quantities as they pursue the initial high. Ketamine comes in liquid form, can be injected, or as a white powder, which is snorted, or as a pill form, which is swallowed. 

Signs of Ketamine addiction include:

Other hazardous side effects of ketamine use include:

  • Depression
  • Paranoia
  • Muscle rigidity
  • Hallucinations
  • Increased heart rate
  • Respiratory issues
  • Elevated blood pressure
  • Long-term cognitive troubles

Ketamine addiction is challenging to overcome without the help of a treatment specialist. Even when a user wants to stop, chemical dependencies in the brain make it extremely difficult to stop without professional help.

Opioids

Opioids come in both prescription pain medicines and illegal street drugs such as heroin. Though opioids are prescribed by a doctor to manage pain, misusing can lead to opioid addiction. 

Opioids alter your brain by producing artificial endorphins. Along with blocking pain, these endorphins release chemicals to make the user feel good. Too much opioid use causes the brain to rely on these synthetic endorphins. 

Once your brain becomes dependent on this method, it will stop producing its natural endorphins. The greater length of opioid use, the more likely this will occur. Users will also require more opioids over time due to tolerance.

Common signs and symptoms of opioid abuse include:
  • Changes in exercise habits
  • Changes in sleep habits
  • Decreased libido
  • Drowsiness
  • Financial difficulties
  • Flu-like symptoms
  • Lack of hygiene
  • Isolation from loved ones
  • Stealing from businesses or loved ones
  • Unable to control opioid use
  • Uncontrollable cravings
  • Weight loss

The initial step toward addiction recovery is acknowledging that you have a problem with opioids. The signs and symptoms of substance abuse are behavioral, physical, and psychological. A clear indication of opioid addiction is the inability to stop using on your own. It is these reasons why professional addiction treatment is necessary to stop opioid use successfully.

Get Help Today

If you or someone you know is showing signs of substance addiction, the next step is to enlist the help of an accredited addiction treatment center. Looking for substance addiction treatment centers may seem frightening at first, but it’s a crucial step toward recovery, and our team here at Daylight Recovery Services is here to help.

Daylight Recovery Services offers inpatient 30-day substance addiction treatment programs and access to 12-step programs.  At Daylight Recovery Services, you or your loved one can be as comfortable as possible, knowing that you now have the best possibility to overcome substance addiction.

Do not delay any longer. Take the initial step toward addiction recovery right now by contacting us today for a free consultation.

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